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ORCA12 simulations and publications

A complete list of ORCA12 publications, 2014-2017, is found in the Drakkar International Research Network 2014-2017 report:

REPORT of the ORCA12 reference experiments at LGGE (Grenoble) in 2014: Molines J.M., B. Barnier, T. Penduff, A.M. Treguier, J. Le Sommer: ORCA12.L46 climatological and interannual simulations forced with DFS4.4: GJM02 and MJM88. Drakkar Group Experiment report GDRI-DRAKKAR-2014-03-19

A table of the available reference experiments with ORCA12 is found in the Drakkar meeting report 2014:  here (annex 2)

Results from DRAKKAR ORCA12 simulations


Koenig Z., Provost C., Villacieros-Robineau N., Sennéchael N., Meyer A., Lellouche J.-M. and G. Garric. Atlantic Waters inflow north of Svalbard: insights from IAOOS observations and Mercator Ocean global operational system during N-ICE2015. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 122, 1254–1273, doi:10.1002/ 2016JC012424

Treguier, A.M., C. Lique, J. Deshayes, J.M. Molines, 2017: The North Atlantic eddy heat transport and its relation with the vertical tilting of the Gulf Stream axis. J. Phys. Oceanogr.,  vol 47, No 6, 1281–1289.

Von Schukmann et al, 2017 : Ocean State report of the Copernicus Marine Environment Service. #1. Journal of Operational Oceanography. In press.


Akuetevi C.Q.C, B. Barnier, J.Verron, J.-M.Molines and A. Lecointre, 2016: Interactions between the Somali Current Eddies during the Summer Monsoon: Insights from a numerical study. Ocean Science, 12, 185-205, doi:10.5194/os-12-185-2016, 2016.

Estournel C., Testor P., Damien P., D’ortenzio F., Marsaleix P., Conan P., Kessouri F., Durrieu de Madron X., Coppola L., Lellouche J.-M., Belamari S., Mortier L., Ulses C., Bouin M.-N. and L. Prieur. High resolution modeling of dense water formation in the north-western Mediterranean during winter 2012-2013: Processes and budget. Journal of Geophysical Research – Oceans, Wiley-Blackwell, 121 (7), pp.5367-5392, DOI:10.1002/2016JC011935, 2016.

Hewitt, H. T., Roberts, M. J., Hyder, P., Graham, T., Rae, J., Belcher, S. E., Bourdalle-Badie, R., Copsey, D., Coward, A., Guiavarch, C., Harris, C., Hill, R., Hirschi, J. J.-M., Madec, G., Mizielinski, M. S., Neininger, E., New, A. L., Rioual, J.-C., Sinha, B., Storkey, D., Shelly, A., Thorpe, L., and Wood, R. A., 2016: The impact of resolving the Rossby radius at mid-latitudes in the ocean: results from a high-resolution version of the Met Office GC2 coupled model, Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 3655–3670, doi: 10.5194/gmd-9-3655-2016.

Moat, B.I., Josey, S.A., Sinha, B., Blaker, A.T., Smeed, D.A., McCarthy, G.D., Johns, W.E., Hirschi, J.M., Frajka‐Williams, E., Rayner, D. and Duchez, A., 2016. Major variations in subtropical North Atlantic heat transport at short (5 day) timescales and their causes. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. 121, 3237–3249.

Patara, L., Böning, C. W. and Biastoch, A. (2016) Variability and trends in Southern Ocean eddy activity in 1/12° ocean model simulations Geophysical Research Letters, 43 . pp. 4517-4523. DOI 10.1002/2016GL069026.

Rio, M. H., Santoleri, R., Bourdalle-Badie, R., Griffa, A., Piterbarg, L., & Taburet, G. (2016). Improving the Altimeter-Derived Surface Currents Using High-Resolution Sea Surface Temperature Data: A Feasability Study Based on Model Outputs. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 33(12), 2769-2784.

Roberts, M. J., H. T. Hewitt, P. Hyder, D. Ferreira, S. A. Josey, M. Mizielinski, and A. Shelly (2016), Impact of ocean resolu- tion on coupled air-sea fluxes and large- scale climate, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 10,430–10,438, doi:10.1002/ 2016GL070559

Sérazin G., B. Meyssignac, T. Penduff, L. Terray, B. Barnier, and J.-M. Molines, 2016: Quantifying uncertainties on regional sea-level rise induced by multi-decadal oceanic intrinsic variability. Geophys. Res. Lett., 43(15), 8151-8159, doi:10.1002/2016GL069273


 Bacon, S., Y. Aksenov, S. Fawcett, G. Madec, 2015: Arctic mass, freshwater and heat fluxes:  methods, and modelled seasonal variability. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 373, 20140169. doi:10.1098/rsta.2014.0169.

Barrier, N., J. Deshayes, A.M. Treguier and C. Cassou, 2015:  Heat budget in the North Atlantic subpolar gyre: impacts of atmospheric weather regimes on the 1995 warming event. Progress in Oceanography, 130, 75-90.

Blaker, A., J.  Hirschi ,_ G. McCarthy, B. Sinha, S. Taws , R.  Marsh, A. Coward, B. de Cuevas, 2015: Historical analogues of the recent extreme minima observed in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26N. Climate Dynamics, 44, 457-473.

Grégorio, S., T. Penduff, G. Sérazin, J.-M. Molines, B. Barnier, and J. Hirschi : Intrinsic variability of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at interannual-to-multidecadal timescales. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 45, 7, pp. 1929-1946.

Heuzé C., Vivier F., Le Sommer J., Molines J.-M., and Penduff T., 2015: Can we map the interannual variability of the whole upper Southern Ocean with the current database of hydrographic observations? Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 120 (12), 7960-7978, 2015.

Marzocchi, A., J.M. Hirschi, P. Holliday, S. Cunningham, A.T. Blaker, A. Coward, 2015: The North Atlantic subpolar circulation in an eddy-resolving global ocean model, Journal of Marine Systems.  Vol 142, 126-143. doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2014.10.007

Rieck, Jan Klaus, Böning, Claus W., Greatbatch, Richard John and Scheinert, Markus (2015) Seasonal variability of eddy kinetic energy in a global high-resolution ocean model Geophysical Research Letters, 42 (21). pp. 9379-9386. DOI 10.1002/2015GL066152.

Rühs, S., Getzlaff, K., Durgadoo, J. V., Biastoch, A. and Böning, C. W. (2015) On the suitability of North Brazil Current transport estimates for monitoring basin-scale AMOC changes Geophysical Research Letters, 42 (19). pp. 8072-8080. DOI 10.1002/2015GL065695.

Sérazin, G., T. Penduff, S. Grégorio, B. Barnier, J.-M. Molines, and L. Terray, 2015 : Intrinsic variability of sea-level from global 1/12° ocean simulations: spatio-temporal scales. J. Climate, 28, 4279–4292.

Steinle, L., C. Graves, T. Treude, B. Ferré, A. Biastoch, I. Bussmann, C. Berndt, S. Krastel, R. H. James, E. Behrens, C. W. Böning, J. Greinert, M. Scheinert, C.-J. Sapart, S. Sommer, M. F. Lehmann, and H. Niemann, 2015: Water column methanotrophy controlled by a rapid oceanographic switch, Nature Geoscience, 8, 378-382, doi: 10.1038/NGEO2420.

Stewart K.D., Spence P., Waterman S., Le Sommer J., Molines J.M., Lilly J.M., and England M.H., 2015: Anisotropy of eddy variability in the global ocean. Ocean Modelling, 95, 53-65, 2015.

Vivier F., Park Y.-H., Sekma H. and Le Sommer J., 2015: Variability of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current transport through the Fawn Trough, Kerguelen Plateau. [doi] Deep Sea Research II, 114, 12-26.


Benshila R., Durand F., Masson S., Bourdallé-Badie R., de Boyer Montégut C., Papa F., Madec G., 2014: The upper Bay of Bengal salinity structure in a high-resolution model. Ocean Modelling, 74, 36–52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2013.12.001.

Djath B., Melet A., Verron J., Molines J.-M., Barnier B., Gourdeau L., and Debreu L., 2014: A 1/36 degrees model of the Solomon Sea embedded into a global ocean model: on the setting up of an interactive open boundary nested model system, Journal of Operational Oceanography, 7(1), 34-46.

Djath B., J. Verron, L. Gourdeau, A. Melet, B. Barnier, J.-M. Molines, 2014: Multiscale analysis of dynamics from high resolution realistic model of the Solomon Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research, doi: 10.1002/2013JC009695.

Deshayes, J., A.M. Treguier, B. Barnier, A. Lecointre, J. Le Sommer, J.M. Molines, T. Penduff, R. Bourdalle-Badie, Y. Drillet, G. Garric, R. Benshila, G. Madec, A. Biastoch, C. Böning, M. Scheinert, A.C. Coward, J.J.M. Hirschi:  Oceanic hindcast simulations at high resolution suggest that the Atlantic MOC is bistable. Geophysical Research Letters.  vol 40, issue 12 3069–3073, DOI: 10.1002/grl.50534   ABSTRACT .
See also: Bistability of the Atlantic meridional circulation ( in French, http://www.insu.cnrs.fr/node/4535 )

Drillet, Y., Lellouche, J. M., Levier, B., Drévillon, M., Le Galloudec, O., Reffray, G., Regnier, C., Greiner, E., and Clavier, M., 2014: Forecasting the mixed layer depth in the north east Atlantic: an ensemble approach, with uncertainties based on data from operational oceanic systems, Ocean Sci. 10, 1013-1029, doi:10.5194/os-10-1013-2014,

Duchez, A., E. Frajka-Williams, N. Castro, J. Hirschi, and A. Coward, 2014: Seasonal to interannual variability in density around the Canary Islands and their influence on the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26N, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 119, 1843–1860, doi:10.1002/ 2013JC009416.

Ferrari, R., Provost, C., Park, Y.-H., Sennéchael, N., Koenig, Z., Sekma, H., Garric, G., Bourdallé-Badie, R., 2014: Heat fluxes across the Antarctic Circumpolar Current in Drake Passage: Mean flow and eddy contributions. J. Geophys. Res., 119, 6381-6402.

Harris, P. T., 2014: Shelf and deep-sea sedimentary environments and physical benthic disturbance regimes: A review and synthesis. Marine Geology 353 (2014) 169–184. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.margeo.2014.03.023.

Hughes, C.W., J. Williams, A.C. Coward, and B.A. de Cuevas, 2014: Antarctic circumpolar transport and the southern mode: a model investigation of interannual to decadal timescales. Ocean Science, 10, 215–225.

Josey S. A., L. Yu, S. Gulev, X. Jin, N. Tilinina, B. Barnier, L. Brodeau, 2014: Unexpected impacts of the Tropical Pacific array on reanalysis surface meteorology and heat fluxes. Geophys. Res. Letters, Vol: 41, DOI: 10.1002/2014GL061302

Treguier, A.M., J. Deshayes, J. Le Sommer, C. Lique, G. Madec, T. Penduff, J.-M. Molines, B. Barnier, R. Bourdalle-Badie, and C. Talandier, 2014: Meridional transport of salt in the global ocean from an eddy-resolving model. Ocean Sci., 10, 243-255, 2014


Lecointre, A., 2012, pdf presentation at the NEMO user meeting: ORCA12, model performance on the computer at CINES (France) and preliminary results;

Results from the MERCATOR ORCA12 simulations and operational products:

Le Galloudec, O., Bourdallé-Badie, R., Drillet, Y., Derval, C., and Bricaud, C.: Simulation of Meso-Scale Eddies in the Mercator Global Ocean High Resolution Model, Mercator-ocean newsletter 31, 22-30, 2008.

Hurlburt, H. E., Brassington, G. B., Drillet, Y., Kamachi, M., Benkiran, M., Bourdalle-Badie, R., Chassignet, E. P., Jacobs, G. A., Le Galloudec, O., Lellouche, J. M., Metzger, E. J., Smedstad, O. M., and Wallcraft, A. J.: High-Resolution Global and Basin-Scale Ocean Analyses and Forecasts- Oceanography vol 22, no. 3 110-127, 2009.

More information is found in the Drakkar meeting reports as well as the report of activity 2010-2012 of the Drakkar French team.